|China Creek Park|
Black Diamond Chinese Communities. King County.
The City of Black Diamond had two Chinese communities, both located near the railroad tracks in the early 1800s. The first was at 1st Avenue and the second was at 5th Avenue. Anti-Chinese activities drove the Chinese from the city in 1885. References: Jensen 2018; Lee 2001.
China Creek. King County.
China Creek drains into Lake Boren in the City of Newcastle. As many as 49 Chinese settled there in the 1880's, working as coal pickers. On September 11, 1885, non-Chinese burned the Chinese sleeping quarters and cook house. References: Manning 1982; “Newcastle Coal Miners Cemetery;” Perkins 2017.
China Creek Park. King County.
China Creek Park is at 7951 144th Avenue SE in the City of Newcastle. The neighborhood park is 5.5 acres, taking its name from nearby China Creek and the China Creek housing development. Reference: Hornaday.
China Creek Trail. King County.
China Creek Trail in the City of Newcastle follows China Creek as it flows into Lake Boren. In the past, the area was one of extensive mining activity. Reference: “List of Trails from A-Z.”
Coal Creek. King County.
Coal Creek is in southern King County near the eastern portion of City of Newcastle. It was one of the 1870's coal mining areas in King County. Anti-Chinese activity in 1885 resulted in the Chinese coal worker’s barracks being raided and burned with one Chinese being kidnapped. References: “Coal Creek;” Lee 2001; “Tacoma Riot of 1885.”
Hongking. King County.
Hongking was a fishing and fish processing village on the east shore of Quartermaster Harbor on Maury Island. Established in the late 1870s or early 1880s, the Chinese population was around 300 at its peak. It was abandoned in 1885 due to anti-Chinese activity. See Hong Kong. References: Hitchman: 125.
Hong Kong. King County.
Hong Kong may have been an alternate name for Hongking. See Hongking, King County.
Newcastle Coal Miners Cemetery. King County.
Newcastle Coal Miners Cemetery is located at 7811 129th Avenue SE in the City of Newcastle. It was established in 1878. The remains of the Chinese coal workers who were reportedly buried in the southeast corner were exhumed and sent to China. It is a King County Historic Landmark, although it is usually not open to visitors. References: Anderson 2010.
Renton Coal Mines. King County.
The community of Renton is located at the south end of Lake Washington. Its surrounding area was a place of coal mining in the 1870s. Chinese were employed as laborers: clearing coal chutes and washing and sorting coal. Anti-Chinese activity in the 1880s drove them from the mines. Reference: Lee 2001.
Squak Valley. King County.
Squak Valley (now Issaquah) is approximately 18 miles east of the City of Seattle. It was the site of intense anti-Chinese activity on September 7, 1885. Chinese hop pickers on the Wold brothers farm were threatened by approximately 30 non-Chinese. Three Chinese were killed and three others wounded. Several trials resulted in all non-Chinese being set free. Reference: “Attack on Squak Valley Chinese Laborers, 1885.”
Anderson, Gwynneth. 2010. “Newcastle Coal Miners’ Cemetery.” Newcastle (Washington) Historical Society. http://newcastlewahistory.org/ Accessed December 15, 2017.
“Attack on Squak Valley Chinese Laborers, 1885.” n.d. Wikipedia, the free encyclopediaa. https://en.wikipedia.org/Accessed September 10, 2017.
“Coal Creek.” Ghost Towns of Washington. http://www.ghosttownsofwashington.com/ Accessed June 5, 2018.
Hitchman, Robert. 1985. Place Names of Washington. Washington State: Washington State Historical Society.
Hornaday, Michelle. n.d. “Parks in Newcastle, Washington.” Trails.com. http://trails.com/ Accessed June 8, 2018.
Jensen, Ken. 2018. Black Diamond Historical Society. Telephone interview, May 3.
Lee, Jennifer H. 2001. “Anti-Chinese Riots in Washington State.” Dartmouth University. https://www.dartmouth.edu/ Accessed February 24, 2018.
“List of Trails from A-Z.” n.d. King County Parks. http://www.kingcounty.gov/ Accessed September 15, 2017.
Manning, Harvey. 1982. Guide to Trails of Cougar Mountain and Squak Mountain, Issquak Washington. Issquak Alps Trails Club.
“Newcastle Coal Miners Cemetery.” n.d. Newcastle Washington History. http://www.newcastlehistory.org/ Accessed November 27, 2017.
Perkins, Matthew. 2017. Parks and Recreation Division. Email correspondence, September 19.
“Tacoma Riot of 1885.” n.d. Wikipedia, the free encyclopediaa. https://en.wikipedia.org/ Accessed September 10, 2017.