Stevens County


China Bend, gold, placer mine, Stevens County
China Bend

Charley Francais Bar Chinese Placer Mine. Stevens County.
Charley Francais Bar was actually on land near the mouth of Cheweka Creek just south of the community of Rice. The Chinese built ditches and flumes for two and one half miles to carry water for sluicing to the bar. Reference: Esvels: 14-15.

Chelan River Chinese Placer Mining Camp. Stevens County.
The Chelan River Chinese Placer Mining Camp was a large one at the mouth of the Chelan River. It was abandoned about 1875 as the placer deposits were depleted. Reference: Esvels: 5.

China Bar. Stevens County.
China Bar is a one half mile long submerged accumulation of rock material approximately 12 feet below the surface of the Columbia River within the Coulee Dam National Recreation Area of Franklin D. Roosevelt Lake. It is a hazard to river navigation and marked by a light at its northeast and southwest end. Chinese miners who worked the bar (prior to it being flooded) were under supervision of Charley Ah Tai. References: Hildebrandt 1977: 14; United States Geological Survey 1969a. Photo.

China Bar/Hawk Creek Chinatown. Lincoln County.
The Chinatown on Hawk Creek housed 400-500 Chinese placer miners who constructed a ditch and flume system that aided in their mining efforts. It extended over three miles. The ditch and flume brought water from Lower Hawk Creek to China Bar where it was used for sluicing placer gold. The Chinatown was abandoned in 1883. References: Chin and Chin 2013: 12; Hildebrandt 1977: 13-14,120; United States Geological Survey 1982.

China Bay. Stevens County.
China Bay is south facing on Franklin Roosevelt Lake, part of the Coulee Dam National Recreation Area on the Columbia River. It is approximately one mile west of Keller Ferry, a site of early Chinese placer mining. See China Bluff, Lincoln County. Reference: United States Geological Survey 1989.

China Bend. Stevens County.
Located on the north side of the Columbia River across from Ryan Creek, China Bend was the site of Chinese placer mining in the 1860s. Reference: Hitchman 1985: 46; United States Geological Survey 1969b.

China Bend Chinese Camp. Stevens Camp.
There was a large camp of Chinese placer miners living at China Bend. They primarily worked nearby Six-Mile Bar around 1880. The bar was submerged by flooding of the reservoir of the Grand Coulee Dam. Esvels: 6; Hitchman 1985: 275.

China Bend Road. Stevens County.
China Bend Road extends around China Bend from Northport and Flat Creek Road to the northeast. See China Bend, Stevens County.

China Bluff, Stevens County.
China Bluff is a southeast facing cliff extending about 600 feet above lake level and three quarters of a mike southwest of China Bay. It is within Franklin D. Roosevelt National Recreation Area on the Columbia River. Reference: United States Geological Survey 1989.

China Creek Placer Mine. Stevens County.
China Creek begins near the base of Bossburg Mountain, flowing southward for approximately three and one half miles. It empties into the Columbia River near the community of Evans. Chinese worked the gold placer deposits at the creek’s mouth and nearby bar. The place name dates to 1903. References: Hitchman 1985: 46; Wolf, et.al. 2008.

China Creek Road. Stevens County.
China Creek Road follows China Creek. See China Creek Placer Mine, Stevens County.

Fort Colville Chinese Laundry. Stevens County.
The Chinese laundry at Fort Colville was established around 1861. By 1865, Chinese miners were the only people in and around Fort Colville. See Colville Chinese Placer Mines, Stevens County. Reference: Hildebrandt 1977: 11-12.

Fort Colville Chinese Placer Mines. Stevens County.
There were 800 or more Chinese placer miners working the Columbia and Pend Orellie River near Fort Colville in 1865. Reference: Esvels: 3.

Fort Sheppard Bar Chinese Camp. Stevens County.
Fort Sheppard Bar Chinese Camp was on the Columbia River below Pend Oreille River near China Bend. It was one of the last large camps. From there ,Chinese placer miners worked Six-mile Bar, just north of the community of Evans, as well as Nine-mile Bar, and Twelve-mile Bar. The camp was gone by the late 1880s. Reference: Esvels: 4-5.

References
Esvels, John P. n.d. “Chinese Placer Mining on the Upper Columbia.” Unpublished manuscript.

Hildebrandt, Lorraine Barker. 1977. Straw hats, Sandals, and Steel. Tacoma, Washington: The Washington State American Bicentennial Commission.

Hitchman, Robert. 1985. Place Names of Washington. Washington State: Washington State Historical Society.

Wolf, Fritz E. et.al. 2008. Inactive and Abandoned Mine Lands—Bossburg Mining District, Stevens County, Washington. Washington Division of Geology and Earth Resources, Information Circular 105.

United States Geological Survey.1989. Keller Ferry WA. 7.5 Minute Series.

________. 1982. Olsen Canyon WA. 7.5 Minute Series.

________. 1969a. China Bar WA. 7.5 Minute Series.

________. 1969b. China Bend WA. 7.5 Minute Series.