Thurston County


China Garden, market garden, Heritage Park, Olympia Washington
Heritage Park

Chinese Garden. Thurston County.
The vegetable garden consisted of three acres on the bluff above West Bay Drive NW. It was operated by Wong Jong Hang until at least 1918. Reference: “Olympia’s Historic Chinese Community—Market Gardens.”

Chinese Cemetery, Thurston County.
Chinese Cemetery is an early alternate name for Forest Memorial Gardens. See Chinese Section Forest Memorial Gardens, Thurston County.

Chinese Section Forest Memorial Gardens. Thurston County.
Forest Memorial Gardens is located at 2501 Pacific Avenue SE, Olympia. It contains a Chinese section dating to at least 1880. Ching Ming was celebrated at the site until the 1930s. Reference: “Olympia’s Historic Chinese Community—Chinese Cemetery.”

Heritage Park Chinese Market Garden. Thurston County.
Heritage Park Chinese Market Garden was located in the area of 330 Fifth Ave SW in the City of Olympia. The vegetable garden dates to at least 1890. Reference: “Olympia’s Historic Chinese Community—Market Gardens.”

Lock Chong and Le-U Choong Market Garden. Thurston County.
The vegetable garden was on Eastside Street SE where it crosses today’s Interstate 5. It began in 1891. Reference: “Olympia’s Historic Chinese Community—Market Gardens.”

Lum Jo Market Garden. Thurston County.
Lum’s vegetable garden was at Eighth Avenue SE and Plumb Street SE. It was at that location starting in 1889. Reference: “Olympia’s Historic Chinese Community—Market Gardens.”

Olympia Chinatown Historic Marker. Thurston County.
The marker is within Heritage Park near the fountain at 330 Fifth Avenue SW in the City of Olympia. Dedicate in 2004, it commemorates the Chinese who helped develop Olympia. A portion of the park itself was a Chinese vegetable garden and is near the third Olympia Chinatown. See Heritage Market Garden; Olympia Last Chinatown; Olympia Third Chinatown, Thurston County. See Heritage Park Chinese Market Garden. Thurston County. References: “Heritage Park Fountain;” “Olympia’s Historic Chinese Community-Interpretive Marker”; Ross 2017.

Olympia First Chinatown. Thurston County.
The first Olympia Chinatown was one half block west of Capital Way on Fourth Avenue SW. By 1870, it included three laundries, restaurants, and mercantile stores. It was forced to move due to city expansion in 1887. Reference: “Olympia’s Historic Chinese Community—Chinatowns.”

Olympia Second Chinatown. Thurston County.
The second location of the Olympia Chinatown was around Fifth Avenue SW and Columbia Street SW. Like the first, there were laundries, restaurants, mercantile stores, many who had relocated from the first Chinatown. In addition, there were two story wooden buildings, some built on stills over the tidal flats. Second Chinatown persisted until 1913 when much of the tidal flat area was filled. See Olympia First Chinatown, Thurston County. Reference: “Olympia’s Historic Chinese Community—Chinatowns.”

Olympia Third Chinatown. Thurston County.
Olympia Third Chinatown was centered on Water Street SW between Fourth and Fifth Avenue SW, in 1913. By the 1940s, most of the area was vacant due to an aging population, out migration and restrictive legislation. The city fire department burned the structures in 1943. See Olympia Second Chinatown, Thurston County. Reference: “Olympia’s Historic Chinese Community—Chinatowns.”

Shanghai Café Building. Thurston County.
The Shanghai Café Building with its Shanghai Restaurant, is at 117 SW Fifth Avenue in the City of Olympia. It was built by Sam Loche, unofficial mayor of Chinatown, in 1904. See Olympia Third Chinatown. Reference: “Olympia Downtown Historic District.”

Wong Jong Hang Market Garden. Thurston County.
Wong farmed three acres of vegetables on the bluff above West Bay Drive NW in the City of Olympia. The market garden persisted at least to 1918. Reference: “Olympia’s Historic Chinese Community—Market Gardens.”

References
Forest Memorial Gardens.” n.d. Olympia Historical Society & Bigelow House. https://olympiahistoricalsociety.org/ Accessed September 11, 2017.

Heritage Park Fountain.” n.d. City of Olympia|Capital of Washington State. http://olympiawa.gov/ Accessed December 12/27/2017.

Olympia Downtown Historic District.” n.d. National Register of Historic Places Registration Form. https://fortress.wa.gov/ Accessed April 5, 2018.

Olympia’s Historic Chinese Community-Chinatowns,” n.d. Olympia Historical Society & Bigelow House Museum. https://Olympiahistoricsociety.org/ Accessed September 10, 2017.

________.—Chinese Cemetery.” n.d. Olympia Historical Society & Bigelow House Museum. https://Olympiahistoricsociety.org/ Accessed September 11, 2017.

________.—Interpretive Marker.” n.d. Olympia Historical Society & Bigelow House Museum. https://Olympiahistoricsociety.org/ Accessed September 11, 2017.

________.—Market Gardens.” n.d. Olympia Historical Society & Bigelow House Museum. https://Olympiahistoricsociety.org/ Accessed December 27, 2017.

Ross, Deborah. 2017. Olympia Parks and Recreation Department. December 29. Email correspondence.